Working Paper

(My second year paper was in the area of political economy and local adaptation to natural hazards and climate change.)

Do political motivations affect recovery from natural hazards? Analysis of floods in India (Submitted)

Abstract:

As risks from climate change and natural hazards increase around the world, some communities have responded with adaptation practices, and some have not. Local adaptation is driven by both the climate risk and the government’s efforts to mitigate risk, direct resources and mobilize relief efforts. However, in low-income countries, governments have limited resources to finance adaptation and are likely focus their assistance to a smaller region. In this case, do elected leaders target the most vulnerable populations or use this as an opportunity to increase their political gains? If so, do they prioritize their supporters? I test the effect of affiliation to the state government on the recovery of state assembly constituencies in India from floods. Using a two-way fixed effects ordinary least squares estimation and regression discontinuity analysis, I find no systematic differences in the economic recovery of flooded constituencies based on their affiliation to the ruling party. Studying the governments’ response is of growing importance as climate change increases the frequency and severity of extreme weather events. If the government responds differently in different regions, it requires different adaptation practices and preparedness actions by the local community. In addition, the welfare consequences of strategic relief provision are severe in a low-income country such as India where floods are widespread and recurring.

Replication files: Git-hub repository

Email tc678@cornell.edu for latest draft.

Conferences:

Upcoming

  • 100 Years of Economic Development, Cornell University, September 15-17 2022.

Past

  • Jobs, innovation and rural value chains in the context of climate transition: Bridging the gap between research and policy, IFAD, June 21-24 2022.

  • Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE) Conference on Economic Development in Africa, 14-18 March 2022.

  • Pacific Conference for Development Economics 2022, University of San Francisco, March 5 2022.

  • European Economic Association (EEA)-ESEM Virtual, August 23-27 2021.

  • AAEA & WAEA Joint Annual Meeting, August 1-3 2021. [Schedule]

  • International Conference in Development Economics, June 30- July 2 2021. [Schedule]